Ultrasound Physics: Introduction to Doppler and B-Mode Echocardiography (Echocardiography Ilustrated)

By Dr. Bernard E Bulwer M.D.

FEATURES:Highly Illustrated Introduction to the Fundamentals of Ultrasound Physics, with focus on Doppler and B-Mode Echocardiography. Introduction to Blood Flow Hemodynamics, the Doppler Principle, Continuity Principle and Valve Area Calculations, including PISA. Doppler Frequency Shift, Doppler Equation, Basic Instrumentation in Spectral (Pulsed-Wave and Continuous-Wave) and Color Flow Doppler. Nyquist Limit, Aliasing in Pulsed-Wave and Color Flow Doppler. Cardiac Mechanics and Tissue Doppler Imaging. The Doppler Echocardiography Examination. The Fundamental Properties of Ultrasound, Piezoelectricty, Pulse-Echo Imaging, and Constructing the B-Mode Image. Interaction of Ultrasound with Tissues: Major Determinants of Reflection. Acoustic Energy Output. Biosafety, and the ALARA Principle. Transducer Instrumentation and Operation, with Focus on Phased-Arrays. B-Mode Signal Processing, Optimization, and Instrumentation. Illustrated Glossary of Contrast-Enhanced Echocardiography.