2023-2024 Basic and Clinical Science CourseTM, Section 6: Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus

by American Academy of Ophthalmology

Section 6 of the Academy’s Basic and Clinical Science CourseTM (BCSC®) begins with in-depth discussions on the pediatric eye examination. Chapters in Part One cover extraocular muscle anatomy, amblyopia, sensory physiology and pathology, and the diagnostic evaluation of strabismus. In addition, this volume covers the diagnosis and treatment of esodeviations and exodeviations, pattern strabismus, vertical deviations, nystagmus, and special forms of strabismus.

Part two features content on pediatric uveitis and includes phenotype-guided case studies. A discussion on childhood ocular trauma with a chapter dedicated to unique issues in pediatric chronic eye care is included.

Section 6 of the BCSC includes 66 videos (sample), plus seven animations demonstrating the Krimsky test, cover-uncover test, alternate cover test, prism alternate cover test, simultaneous prism and cover test, with eight video activities and case studies. Flowcharts to simplify the classification of common forms of horizontal strabismus are included.

Upon completion of Section 6, readers should be able to:

Describe evaluation techniques for young children that provide the maximum gain of information with the least trauma and frustration

Explain the classification and diagnosis of amblyopia, as well as the treatment options

Describe the commonly used diagnostic and measurement tests for strabismus, plus identify and treat pattern and vertical strabismus, as well as special forms of strabismus

List the possible complications of strabismus surgery and describe guidelines to minimize them

Design an approach to the diagnosis of decreased vision in children and list resources available to these patients

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